The Mid Day Meal is the world’s largest Indian school hunger feeding program started in 1925. Reaching out to 12 crore children in over 12.65 lakh schools across the country. Mid Day Meal with enhanced calorific energy content and increased quantity of proteins in food, is  expected to improve the nutritional status of children.



The main objective of MDM Program in India is to boost the enrollment of children to schools and stop their hunger. Mid Day Meal Program will surely encourage poor children belonging to disadvantaged sections of the society to attend school more regularly.


  • 11 crore children benefit from hot cooked nutritious food in 12 lakh schools.
  • 5.77 lakh kitchen-cum-store have been constructed to ensure safety of foodgrains and ensure hygienic meals to the children.
  • 24 lakh cook cum helpers mainly from sc/st & obc communities have been engaged to provide mid day meal to the school children.


The concept of mid-day meal scheme is not new in India as its roots can be traced back to pre-independence era when British administration initiated a Mid Day Meal Programme for disadvantage children in Madras Municipal Corporation in 1925.


The concept and the purpose of initiating anything is always good but when it comes to the management then we are miserable.

Recently 79 students of a government school in Bhilwara district of Rajasthan were admitted to hospital as they fell ill after consuming mid-day meal. This happened because of the food poisoning caused by a dead lizard found in the food.

Such stories has put a question mark on the management system.


To keep a check, a mid-day meal monitoring committee has been set up. Government is now focusing to strengthen the committee further so that such incidences can be avoided. The committee will monitor the qualitative parameters such as hygiene. After all, the success of mid-day meal scheme depends upon the quality and how effectively the entire chain is managed.



‘IU1010’-Take a Dive into the blue


Oceans cover about 70% of the Earth’s surface. The oceans contain roughly 97% of the Earth’s water supply.. From the freezing Polar Regions to the warm waters of the tropics and deep sea hydrothermal vents to shallow seagrass beds, marine organisms abound. The oceans of Earth serve many functions, especially affecting the weather and temperature. Fishing is the principal livelihood for over 200 million people and provides the main source of protein for more than a billion.

The ocean is our planet’s life support system—and it’s in danger.

It’s not too late to get our fishing practices back on track. Using smart laws, policies, incentives, and market demand, we can help sustain fish populations at healthy levels for years to come.

Organizations protecting the oceans

NRDC- National Resource Defense Council

NRDC fights for sustainable fishing by crafting common sense fishing policies, promoting conservation-minded approaches to how fisheries are managed, and enforcing and defending laws to stop destructive fishing practices.

WWF-  World Wildlife Fund

WWF works around the world to protect oceans and the variety of species and communities that depend on them By establishing marine protected areas, responsibly farmed seafood, helping communities adapt to climate change, promoting ecotourism and sustainable development. WWF works to end overfishing, addressing it at both a local and commercial level.

Critical Ocean Issues

Over-fishing: Plenty of Fish in the Sea? Not Always


Sea Temperature Rise: Warmer Oceans Have Far-Reaching Effects


Marine Pollution: Centuries of Abuse Have Taken a Heavy Toll


Ocean Acidification: Carbon Dioxide Is Putting Shelled Animals at Risk


Did You Know?

Pteropods, tiny sea snails whose existence is threatened by ocean acidification, are an important food source for some whales.

What You Can Do

We can all support sustainable fishing by wisely choosing which fish to eat, spreading the word to friends and family, and contacting our lawmakers to make sure they support responsible policies.

Eat sustainable caught seafood.

Support Organizations Working to Protect the Ocean

Use Fewer Plastic Products

Be an Ocean-Friendly Pet Owner

Influence Change in Your Community

Educate Yourself About Oceans and Marine Life

Help Take Care of the Beach

 Engage, Conserve, Restore


‘IU1010’-Endangered predator: SAVE TIGERS NOW


A hundred years ago there were 100,000 tigers in the wild. Today there are as few as 1,411. The tigers once roamed the earth freely throughout Asia in the 1900s. TODAY, there are as few as 1,411 left in the wild. Only 7% of historic tiger habitat still contains tigers. The Tigers in the wild signifies, healthy livelihood, protects the genetic diversity. Nature balances with the right proportion of predators for prey. Therefore, the healthy presence of tiger population indicates healthy forests. 



Illegal trade 

The illegal poaching of tigers for their parts poses the largest threat to tiger survival. Tigers are being hunted to extinction by poachers for their skins, bones, teeth and claws .


Tiger Farms

Despite the fact that all international commercial trade of tigers has been banned since 1987, some countries allow the breeding of captive tigers on a commercial scale. In many cases, products from these tigers are winding up on the black market.

Tigers in Captivity in the US

The United States has one of the largest populations of captive tigers in the world − estimated at perhaps 5,000 tigers. Its is easier to buy a tiger than to adopt a dog from a local animal shelter.

Human-Tiger Conflict

As the human population grows, we are encroaching further into tiger habitat, causing increased competition between tigers and people over living space and food .




Tigers can breed quickly and successfully if we provide them with protected habitat and ample prey.


  • GTF – Portfolio of Services for TRCs : GTF offers a number of services to the TRCs for Tiger conservation
  • Tiger Watch : Annually co-organize a “Tiger Watch” program in India, under which Field Officers from Russia visit tiger reserves in India.
  • Monitoring of the Global Tiger Recovery Program : an objective of the projects is to establish a technical and institutional foundation for an effective collaboration among the Tiger Range Countries

Why Should You Care About Tigers?



Large predators like tigers are an “umbrella species” and protecting them benefits hundreds of other species, including other endangered creatures that share tiger habitat and form biodiversity, a keystone to keeping our planet healthy.

Projects like WWF and GOBAL TIGER FOR  FORUM  are working toward s the survival of these tigers.  They need the support of people to save these majestic species.

WWF’s goal is to double the number of tigers by 2022.


Every little bit helps. You can speak up about the cause. You can write or blog about our tigers. Even staying up-to-date with tiger facts like knowledge of tiger sanctuaries, their population, news updates, etc. helps. You can also donate money to NGOs working for the cause, like WWF-India.


Say NO to Tiger Products

Travel to Tiger Country: Income from tourism at tiger reserves can be critical to building support among local communities for tiger protection.


Spread Awareness!!!

Now just 1411 left…..


‘IU1010’-Popularity Contest: Cricket vs. Football

As we all know cricket is the mainstream sport in India. European football has much more popularity and fan base than one can expect. FIFA has been lending a hand in improving football in India.

Visits of Bayern Munchen, Argentina and Venezuela are the example. FC Barcelona’s India camp in this summer may also open some footballing avenues in India.


There might be many football fans in India but “many” as such does not imply any significance in the Indian context given the population (even if there are a million die-hard fans, its less than 0.1% of the population).
Indian football as such is not as popular as Badminton, Tennis or Hockey and not even close to Cricket except in some parts like Kerala, Kolkata or Pune.

Indian football comprises fans of football clubs in West Bengal, and maybe Kerala and Goa, and do not have more than a local following. The national team is pretty much unknown to those outside the team and its administration.


The larger chunk of football fans is those who follow European club football. They are mainly school and college students from metropolitan cities who are too hipster to follow the mainstream sport which is cricket. These fans usually tend to overstate the popularity of football in India.

Cricket is pretty much the only sport which can be called popular in India.

Few reasons are:

    1)     India does well in cricket: The fact that India has produced some internationally-acclaimed achievers in the sport adds to the         appeal, allowing for more aspirations leading to more popularity.

     2)     There are arguments that cricket is easier to watch or follow than other more “fluid” sports like football. In the early days                       before television, one had to rely on the radio for sports updates, and a discrete game like cricket is much more compatible with radio commentary.

      3)    Cricket has a certain sophisticated appeal to most Indians. It is a non-aggressive game with intricate rules, allowing for more                 real-time strategy and value of experience than just youthful athleticism.Image

 Other sports which have some resemblance of popularity in India are tennis and chess.

‘IU1010’-The pride of slum children

It may sound old but children living in streets choose to be barefoot. One can say its a way they recognize themselves for living in poverty. It shows the poor condition they live in. Only few kids ever get a chance to wear shoes. They admire those who were them.

A few find worn out shoes in the huge lump of garbage. They preserve it as if they found gold in the trash. If u ask them why they don’t wear shoes they will simply reply they don’t have money to buy them or their mother has kept a pair at home safely which he wears from time to time.

If u take a look at their feet u feel pity to see their soles bruised and burned from the hot sun.

There are many organizations which help these kids. One such organization is SOS (shoes for souls) for poor and orphan kids living in poverty. Shoes for Orphan Souls, the largest humanitarian aid project of Buckner International, provide new shoes and socks to orphans and vulnerable children in the United States and throughout the world. Since 1999, more than 2.5 million pairs of new shoes and socks have been distributed to children in 74 countries. inside-child-2mil-shoe

Why Shoes?

New shoes provide health.
Shoes are foundational to good health. In many developing countries we serve, children are forced to walk barefoot for miles to gather clean water, to visit a doctor or to go to school.

New shoes provide education.
Many schools around the world require children to wear shoes to attend, but for many poverty-stricken families, shoes are a luxury they cannot afford. Increase’s their chances of obtaining critical education to succeed in life. wbgl-shoes

New shoes provide hope.
when you give an orphan a new pair of shoes, it communicates love and helps them know they are special. They are not forgotten. New shoes provide hope for these children that someone out there cares about them and loves them unconditionally.

Why new shoes?
They last longer, and as a gift to a child, they communicate volumes about what someone is worth. about-shoes

‘IU1010’-Fight against racism in India: dark is beautiful

India’s obsession with fair skin is an age old attraction. Here is India, where 70% of Indians are dark skinned, women suffer in silence dealing with the cruel society.  A movement called Dark is Beautiful in India is promoting the beauty of all skin colors is pushing back against the country’s obsession with fair skin.

The desire in India for lighter skin is fueled by a widespread belief that dark-skin is ugly and inferior. Fair skin is perceived to be an essential element of self-confidence, success, and a key to happiness.

Women of Worth (WOW) a non-governmental organization based in the southern city of Chennai promoted a campaign called “Dark is Beautiful” to counter deeply held cultural perceptions on race and beauty.Image


The campaign was initially launched in 2009. It gained popularity in the year 2013 after Bollywood actress Nandita Das backed the campaign with advertisements that called on every Indian to “Stay Unfair, Stay Beautiful”.


Influence of advertisements  

brands have been quick to tap into this fervor, selling creams, lotions, soaps, cosmetics, promising skin-bleaching. An array of leading Bollywood stars endorse various skin whitening creams often send regressive messages that end up promoting prejudice around skin color and looks. 


The Indian fairness cream market generates revenue of more than $400m and has been growing by 20 percent annually, more than the sale of Coca-Cola and tea in India, according to The Atlantic magazine and Bloomberg.

“The glorification of the fair skin has been there in our films for long, long time. But it only reflects the bias of the society,” Das said.

The campaign is being promoted actively across social media and has caught the eye of mainstream.

Life’s not fair neither am I Image


‘IU1010’-A shock from waste : Waste to Energy

Waste to energy is a process in which non-recyclable waste materials are converted into usable heat, electricity, or fuel much of which is sold for use in local homes and businesses. Variety of processes, including combustion, gasification, pyrolization, anaerobic digestion, and landfill gas (LFG) recovery takes place. Converting non-recyclable waste materials into electricity  produces renewable source of energy and reduces carbon emissions by reducing the need for energy from fossil  and also methane generation from landfills.

How waste to energy works

First non recyclable waste is brought and trucks head to the waste-to-energy plants. There they are weighed, and then enter an enclosed tipping area where waste is unloaded into a concrete storage pit.

Cranes move and mix the waste and remove bulky process able items that are too large for the furnace. (Those are removed for land filling.)

The waste is transferred to a combustion chamber where self-sustaining combustion is maintained at extremely high temperatures.  The heat from the combustion process boils water.
The steam from the boiling water is used directly, or more frequently, the steam drives a turbine that generates electricity.  Electricity is distributed to the local grid.

Covanta Energy EFW Diagram


Waste to energy & Climate Change

Global warming is the rise in the average temperature of Earth’s atmosphere. When greenhouse gases (GHG) such as methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide are released into the earth’s atmosphere, they trap infrared radiation from sunlight.  This is stored as heat in the atmosphere and increases   earth’s average temperature. Waste to energy facilities avoid the production of methane while producing significantly more electricity from each ton of waste compared to landfills.


 Waste to energy plants

Covanta Energy is one of the world’s largest owners and operators of infrastructure for the conversion of waste-to-energy. Covanta’s North American facilities supply electricity for approximately 1 million homes. Covanta supports recycling and supports programs that enable communities to recycle as much as possible. As part of the process, Covanta recover over 400,000 tons of metal annually for recycling that would have otherwise been lost in landfills.

 Did you know?


In total, Covanta’s facilities have processed more than 350 million tons of waste, offsetting 350 million tons of greenhouse gases which is equivalent to planting over 8 billion trees.